regulatory disclosures

The regulatory landscape for CRCs is experiencing a shift globally in terms of ease of doing business and promoting rating business without compromising quality of ratings. Pursuant to the International Organization of Securities Commissions’ (IOSCO) Code of Conduct Fundamentals for Credit Rating Agencies of March 2015, a number of jurisdictions have undertaken various regulatory measures to strengthen oversight on CRCs and to raise the underlying standards. In the same spirit, the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (“The Commission”) reviewed the existing regulatory framework for CRCs and has issued Credit Rating Companies Regulation, 2016.
These regulations encompasses three broad areas:
1. Licensing Requirements
2. Restrictions, Duties and Obligations of Credit Rating Companies.
3. Accounting and Financial Records
PACRA appreciates SECP’s efforts and finds the regulations a step in the right direction for the capacity building of CRCs. The regulations are expected to build investor confidence in CRCs in the country, and will improve standards of the rating process in line with the international credit rating companies.

Criteria/Methodologies

Sr. No. Title Date
1 Methodology | REIT Fund Rating Oct-2021
2 Methodology | REIT Manager Rating Oct-2021
3 Methodology | Trustee Fiduciary Rating Dec-2021
4 Methodology | General Insurance Rating Mar-2022
5 Assessment Framework | Rental REIT Fund Rating Mar-2022
6 Assessment Framework | Project Grading Feb-2022
7 Methodology | Broker Fiduciary Rating Jan-2022
8 Methodology | Life Insurance Rating Mar-2022
9 Assessment Framework | Investment Advisor Rating Apr-2022
10 Assessment Framework | Stability Rating Jun-2022
11 Assessment Framework | Asset Manager Rating Jun-2022
12 Assessment Framework | Performance Ranking Jun-2022
13 Assessment Framework | Broker Management Rating Jun-2022
14 Methodology | Corporate Rating Jun-2022
15 Methodology | Qualitative Rating Considerations Jun-2022
16 Methodology | Financial Institution Rating Jun-2022
17 Methodology | Microfinance Institution Rating Jun-2022
18 Methodology | Debt Instrument Rating Jun-2022
19 Methodology | Preference Shares Rating Jun-2022
20 Methodology | Structured Finance Rating Jun-2022
21 Methodology | Correlation Between Long-term & Short-term Rating Scales Jun-2022
22 Methodology | Rating Modifiers Jun-2022
23 Mehtodology | Parent and Subsidiary Rating Linkage Jun-2022
24 Methodology | Recognition of Default Jun-2022
25 Methodology | Transition and Default Jun-2022
26 Methodology | Holding Company Rating Jun-2022
27 Methodology | Non-Banking Finance Companies Rating Jun-2022
28 Methodology | Independent Power Producer Rating Jun-2022
29 Methodology | Broker Entity Rating Jun-2022
30 Methodology | Social Impact and Performance Rating Sep-2022
31 Capital Preservation Rating Oct-2022

Codes of Conduct

Sr. No. Title Date
1 Code of Conduct | BoD Dec-2021
2 Code of Conduct | Employee Dec-2021
3 Code of Conduct | RC Dec-2021

Industry Specific Studies

Industry analysis is a key component of credit rating process, as entities do not operate in a vacuum. Economic environment, regulatory policies, demand and supply dynamics, competition, energy situation, security threats, and other factors all play a significant role that can impact an entity’s performance. Hence, it is paramount to be fully cognizant of how the industry is behaving and what can be expected in the future.
PACRA assesses the level of credit risk prevalent in various industries. This is an ongoing exercise to determine short-term and long-term prospects of the industry. We establish correlation between the industry and entities emanating out of it. Although industry level analysis is conducted on all the sectors in PACRA’s rating universe, we traditionally publish our industry reports (in public domain) for sectors that have five or more clients. This covers close to two-thirds of our outstanding ratings.
The new code of conduct requires rating agencies to publish industry reports for all the sectors. In compliance with the new code, PACRA will publish its opinion on all industries within its rating universe starting July 01, 2014. These could be in form of studies, reviews, update or snapshots.


Industry Specific Studies

Fee Structure


Fee Structure

Shareholding


Ownership

Governance


Governance